, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 63-69

Growth inhibition of murine mammary carcinoma by monoclonal IgE antibodies specific for the mammary tumor virus

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Two IgE-producing hybridomas were established from spleen cells of Balb/c mice, which had been immunized with mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV). These IgE monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) reacted specifically with the major envelope glycoprotein (gp36) of MMTV, as established by the immunoblot assay and by passive cutaneous anaphylaxis. The effect of the IgE mAbs (produced by clone A8) on the growth of the MMTV-secreting mammary adenocarcinoma H2712 was investigated in syngeneic C3H/HeJ mice. The mice were inoculated s.c. with either 105 (≈100 × LD50) or 106 (≈1000 × LD50) tumor cells and received repeated i.p. injections of 25 µg anti-gp36 IgE mAbs at 4-day intervals for 8 weeks. This treatment prevented the development of subcutaneous tumors in 50% of the animals. Similar protection was observed when the tumor cells (105/animal) were injected i.p. 4 days prior to the beginning of the i.p. treatment consisting of injections of 25 µg mAbs at 4-day intervals for 6 weeks. However, these mAbs did not protect C3H/HeJ mice against the MMTV-negative MA16/c carcinoma cells. Hence, these results support the view that IgE-mediated cytotoxic mechanisms may play an immunologically specific antitumor surveillance role and that laboratory-induced antitumor IgE mAbs have the potential of specific therapeutic agents for in vivo destruction of tumor cells.