, Volume 36, Issue 5, pp 281-292

Induction of delayed-type hypersensitivity responses by monoclonal anti-idiotypic antibodies to tumor cells expressing carcinoembryonic antigen and tumor-associated glycoprotein-72

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The use of anti-idiotypic antibodies as immunogens represents one potential approach to active specific immunotherapy of cancer. Two panels of syngeneic monoclonal anti-idiotypic antibodies were generated. One panel was directed against mAb CC49 and the other to mAb COL-1. mAb CC49 recognizes the pancarcinoma antigen (Ag), tumor-associated glycoprotein-72 (TAG-72), and mAb COL-1 recognizes carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). Seven anti-idiotypic (AI) antibodies (Ab2) designated AI49-1–7 were generated that recognize the variable region of mAb CC49. These mAb were shown to inhibit the interaction of mAb CC49 (Ab1) with TAG-72 (Ag). Five anti-idiotypic antibodies designated CAI-1–5 were also generated to the anti-CEA mAb, COL-1 (Ab1). These Ab2 were shown to inhibit the interaction between COL-1 (Ab1) and CEA (Ag). Immunization of mice, rats, and rabbits with Ab2 directed against CC49 or COL-1 could not elicit specific Ab3 humoral immune responses, i.e., antibody selectively reactive with their respective target antigens. However, immunization of mice with the CC49 anti-idiotypic antibody (Ab2), designated AI49-3, could induce a delayed-type hypersensitivity response (DTH) specific for tumor cells that express TAG-72. Similarly, immunization of mice with an anti-idiotypic antibody directed against COL-1, designated CAI-1, could induce specific DTH cell-mediated immune responses to murine tumor cells that express human CEA on their surface. These results thus demonstrate that while some anti-idiotype mAb may not be potent immunogens in eliciting Ab3 humoral responses, they are capable of eliciting specific cellular immune responses against human carcinoma-associated antigens. This type of mAb may ultimately be useful in active immunotherapy protocols for human carcinoma.

Some of the studies described in this paper were in partial fulfillment of requirements for the completion of Dr. Irvine's dissertation at the George Washington University