, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 337-357

First online:

Quadrupedalism in primates

  • M. D. RoseAffiliated withDepartment of Human Anatomy, University of Nairobi

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Although many primates can be classified as quadrupeds, quadrupedalism in primates has not in the past received as much detailed attention as some other locomotor modes. In the present study quadrupedalism in primates is analysed in terms of positional behavior (locomotor and postural activities in an environmental context) and a number of categories are defined. For arboreal primates different adaptations are evident in animals of different body sizes. However, all adaptations are related to the exploitation of the small branch setting.