, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 247-266

First online:

Characteristics of the social life of bonnet macaques (Macaca radiata)

  • Yukimaru SugiyamaAffiliated withDepartment of Primate Ecology, Primate Research Institute, Kyoto University

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The social behavior of wild bonnet macaques impresses upon us a peculiality and uniqueness which is different from other macaques. Although there is a clear-cut ranking relationship among adult males and they carry out their proper social roles according to each situation, many social behaviors are carried out independently of or ignoring the ranking order. The animals are organized in a flexible and tolerant social unit, but they don't abandon the advantages of group life.

The uniqueness of bonnet behavior and society is recognized to be related to the highly developed individuality of this species.