Evolutionary changes in the organization of the major LCP gene cluster during sex chromosomal differentiation in the sibling speciesDrosophila persimilis, D. pseudoobscura andD. miranda
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- Steinemann, M. & Steinemann, S. Chromosoma (1990) 99: 424. doi:10.1007/BF01726694
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The major larval cuticle protein (LCP) genes I–IV ofDrosophila melanogaster are clustered on the right arm of the second chromosome. By cross-hybridization we cloned the corresponding genes from three different members of theobscura group:D. persimilis, D. pseudoobscura andD. miranda. InD. pseudoobscura andD. persimilis the gene cluster maps to autosome3. In contrast, inD. miranda it was found on theX2 andY sex chromosome. Hence, this exceptional karyotypic situation offers a unique opportunity to analyse the molecular processes underlying the phenomenon of chromosome degeneration. Comparison of LCP genes I–IV in theX2 andY chromosomal region inD. miranda revealed extensive DNA rearrangements at the latter. TheY chromosomal LCP cluster is characterized by DNA insertions which are absent in the correspondingX2 chromosomal DNA, suggesting that these DNA sequences must have invaded this area. In addition, part of the analysedY chromosomal region is duplicated.