, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp 145-150

A note on clique avoidance in repeated jury selection from among a fixed pool of jurors

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We hope to have shown how it is possible, without a major change in present jury selection processes, to reduce one source of potential bias in jury decision-making by eliminating the possibility that jurors who serve on several juries during the course of their service will ever serve together more than once; also, we have shown that if that is our aim, six-member juries are more than four times as efficient as twelve-member juries.

We gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Joel Spencer, Department of Mathematics, State University of New York at Stony Brook, who found for us all the theorems in combinatorial mathematics we discuss in this paper. Without his help, the paper could not have been written. We also wish to acknowledge the work of Alan Tucker and Edward Beltrami, Department of Applied Mathematics, State University of New York at Stony Brook, in helping to create a climate at Stony Brook in which communication between mathematicians and social scientists has been greatly facilitated.
Particular thanks also go to Judge Robert Jones and Mr. Michael Hall, Circuit Court, Multnomah County (Portland) Oregon, who provided us with invaluable data on Oregon Court procedures. Finally, the senior author wishes to acknowledge his gratitude to Neil Vidmar, Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario; Alice Padawer-Singer, Bureau of Applied Social Research, Columbia University; Hans Zeisel, Vera Institude of Justice; James Davis, Department of Psychology, University of Illinois; and the late Harry Kalven, University of Chicago Law School, for their roles in stimulating his interest in jury decision processes.
This research was supported by Grant SOC 7514091, Law and Social Science Program, National Science Foundation.