Original Articles

Neurochemical Research

, Volume 20, Issue 6, pp 753-759

Effects of local and repeated systemic administration of (−)nicotine on extracellular levels of acetylcholine, norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin in rat cortex

  • K. L. SummersAffiliated withDepartment of Pharmacology #1222, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine
  • , E. GiacobiniAffiliated withDepartment of Pharmacology #1222, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine

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Abstract

Systemically administered (−)nicotine (0.2–1.2 mg/kg, s.c.) significantly increased the release of acetylcholine (ACh), norepinephrine (NE) and dopamine (DA) in rat cortex. The lowest dose of (−)nicotine examined (0.2 mg/kg, s.c) also significantly elevated extracellular serotonin (5-HT) levels, and the maximal increases of extracellular ACh (122% at 90 min post injection) and DA levels (249% at 120 min post-injection) were observed following this dose. In contrast, the maximal increase of NE release (157% at 30 min post-injection) was observed following the highest dose of (−)nicotine injected (1.2 mg/kg, s.c.). This higher dose consistently produced generalized seizures. Repeating the (−)nicotine (0.58 mg/kg, s.c.) injection four hours after the first administration significantly elevated extracellular NE levels and also appeared to increase DA and CCh release. In addition, extracellular ACh and DA levels increased significantly in the dialysate after (−)nicotine was administered directly to the neocortex through the microdialysis probe membrane. Norepinephrine levels appeared to be elevated in the cortex following local administration as well.

Key Words

Neurotransmitters cortex nicotine microdialysis