, Volume 9, Issue 1, pp 53-59

Glycoprotein B of bovine herpesvirus type 4: Its phylogenetic relationship to gB equivalents of the herpesviruses

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In order to estimate the phylogenetic relationship of BHV-4 among the herpesviruses, we have cloned and sequenced its glycoprotein B (gB). The 2.6 kb open reading frame codes for a 874 amino acid long protein. The comparison of its deduced amino acid sequence with those of its counterparts in 19 distinct herpesviruses groups BHV-4 into the γ-herpesvirinae. The calculation of an evolutionary tree emphasized that BHV-4 is more closely related to herpesvirus saimiri (HVS) than to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). However, in contrast to EBV and HVS, the gB of BHV-4 contains a putative protease cleavage site and 20 potential N-glycosylation sites. The alignment of the amino acid sequences revealed that 10 cysteine and 7 proline residues, as well as the motifs SPF and GQLG, were completely conserved among the 20 investigated gBs.