Predominant pathogens found in the European prevalence of infection in intensive care study
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- Spencer, R.C. Eur. J. Clin. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. (1996) 15: 281. doi:10.1007/BF01695658
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A one-day point prevalence of infection analysis was undertaken in 1417 intensive care units (ICUs) (10,038 patients) in 17 western European countries. The prevalence of ICU-acquired infection was 20.6% (2064 patients), representing almost half the cases of infection. Pneumonia was the most commonly reported infection (46.9%), followed by infection of the lower respiratory tract (17.8%), urinary tract (17.6%), and blood (13.0%).Staphylococcus aureus was the most frequently isolated organism (30.1 %), followed byPseudomonas aeruginosa (28.7%), coagulase-negative staphylococci (19.1%), yeasts (17.1%), and enterococci (11.7%). As a group, theEnterobacteriaceae were the most commonly isolated organisms (34.4%). The study also revealed that resistance to anti-microbial agents is common amongStaphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and coagulase-negative staphylococci.