Report of four cases ofYersinia pseudotuberculosis septicemia and a literature review

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Yersinia pseudotuberculosis is a rare cause of disease in humans, the most common manifestation being mesenteric lymphadenitis accompanied by abdominal pain and fever. A septicemic form ofYersinia pseudotuberculosis infection has been reported only rarely. It is usually seen in patients with underlying disorders such as diabetes, hepatic cirrhosis or iron overload. Fifty-four cases of septicemic infection were found in the literature. The earlier published cases are reviewed, and four cases occurring in Finland during the period February to June 1992 are reported.