Zeitschrift für Physik

, Volume 266, Issue 4, pp 245–255

X-ray production by 1.5–11 MeV protons

  • R. Akselsson
  • T. B. Johansson
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF01668816

Cite this article as:
Akselsson, R. & Johansson, T.B. Z. Physik (1974) 266: 245. doi:10.1007/BF01668816

Abstract

K-shell ionization andL x-ray production cross-sections by proton impact have been determined from measurements ofK x-ray yields from thin targets of Ti, Fe, Co, Cu, Ni and Ag and ofL x-ray yields from Au and Pb. The proton energies varied from 1.5 to 11 MeV. A Si(Li) semiconductor detector recorded the x-rays. The total error in the measured cross-sections is mostly less than 5%.Kβ/Kα ratios andLl,β,γ/Lα ratios have been determined. Ionization cross-sections have been compared with predictions of the plane-wave Born approximation (PWBA) and the binary-encounter approximation (BEA). Both theories describe the ionization quite well: PWBA is, however, better for higher proton energies whereas BEA is superior for lower energies. An empirical formula for ionization cross-sections is derived.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1974

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Akselsson
    • 1
  • T. B. Johansson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Nuclear PhysicsLund Institute of TechnologyLundSweden