Osteoporosis International

, Volume 4, Supplement 1, pp S47–S51

Postmenopausal bone loss and the risk of osteoporosis

Authors

  • C. Christiansen
    • Center for Clinical and Basic Research
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF01623436

Cite this article as:
Christiansen, C. Osteoporosis Int (1994) 4: S47. doi:10.1007/BF01623436

Abstract

The two most important risk factors for long-term skeletal health are the peak bone mass and the subsequent rate of bone loss. The rate of bone loss after skeletal maturity is determined by both genetic factors and environmental factors. Furthermore, all factors that impair estrogen production will increase bone loss. The present risk of developing osteoporosis and fractures may be assessed by bone mass measurements in the total skeleton, or in local parts of the skeleton such as the spine, hip and forearm, by single-photon/X-ray absorptiometry (SPA or SXA), dual-photon/energy X-ray absorptiometry (DPA or DXA), or quantitative computed tomography (QCT). Furthermore, the rate of bone loss in postmenopausal women may be assessed by means of a number of biochemical markers. The fútúre risk of developing osteoporosis may thus be determined by combining the values for bone mineral content and bone loss.

Keywords

Biochemical markersBone lossFuture riskPresent riskTechniques of bone mass measurements

Copyright information

© European Foundation for Osteoporosis 1994