, Volume 9, Issue 6, pp 309-313

Emulsifier production byAcinetobacter calcoaceticus strains

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Abstract

Nondialyzable bioemulsifiers were found in the extracellular fluid of 16 different strains ofAcinetobacter calcoaceticus following growth on ethanol-salts medium. The amount of emulsifying activity, its specific activity, and hydrocarbon substrate specificity varied from one strain to another. In general, strains that grew well on the ethanol medium (2.4–2.6 mg cell dry wt/ml) produced high emulsifying activities (88–239 units/ml), whereas strains that grew more poorly (1.0–1.7 mg cell dry wt/ml) also produced less emulsifying activity (14–52 units/ml). With one exception, hexadecane/2-methylnaphthalane mixtures were emulsified more efficiently than pure hexadecane or 2-ethylnaphthalane.