Andrews, D. G. (1980),*On the mean motion induced by transient inertio-gravity waves*, Pure and Applied Geophys**118**, 177–188.

Andrews, D. G. andMcIntyre, M. E. (1976a),*Planetary waves in horizontal and vertical shear: the generalized Eliassen-Palm relation and the mean, zonal acceleration*. J. Atmos. Sci.*33*, 2031–2048.

Andrews, D. G. andMcIntyre, M. E. (1976b),*Planetary waves in horizontal and vertical shear: asymptotic theory for equatorial waves in weak shear*. J. Atmos. Sci.*33*, 2049–2053.

Andrews, D. G. andMcIntyre, M. E. (1978a),*Generalized Eliassen-Palm and Charney-Drazin theorems for waves on axisymmetric flows in compressible, atmospheres*, J. Atmos. Sci.*35*, 175–185.

Andrews, D. G. andMcIntyre, M. E. (1978b),*An exact theory of non-linear waves on a Lagrangian-mean flow*, J. Fluid. Mech.*89*, 609–646.

Andrews, D. G. andMcIntyre, M. E. (1978c),*On wave-action and its relatives.*, J. Fluid Mech.*89*, 647–664.

Béland, M. (1978),*The evolution of a nonlinear Rossby wave critical level: effects of viscosity*, J. Atmos. Sci.*35*, 1802–1815.

Boyd, J. (1976)*The noninteraction of waves with the zonally-averaged flow on a spherical Earth and the interrelationships of eddy fluxes of energy, heat and momentum*, J. Atmos. Sci.*33*, 2285–2291.

Bretherton, F. P. (1969),*Momentum transport by gravity waves*. Quart. J. Roy. Meter. Soc.*95*, 213–243.

Bretherton, F. P. (1971),*The general linearized theory of wave propagation, §6, Lectures in Applied Mathematics*, (American Math. Soc.),*13* 61–102.

Bretherton, F. P. (1979),*Conservation of wave action and angular momentum in a spherical atmosphere*, J. Fluid Mech. (to appear).

Bretherton, F. P. andGarrett, C. J. R. (1968),*Wavetrains in inhomogeneous moving media*, Proc. Roy. Soc. A*302*, 529–554.

Bretherton, F. P. andHaidvogel, D. B. (1976),*Two-dimensional turbulence above topography*. J. Fluid Mech.*78*, 129–154.

Brillouin, L. (1925).*On radiation stresses* (in French), Annales de Physique.*4*, 528–586.

Brillouin, L. (1936),*Radiation pressures and stresses* (in French), Revue d'Acoustique,*5*, 99–111. See alsoBrillouin, L.,*Tensors in mechanics and elasticity*, (Academic-New York 1964).

Charney, J. G. andDrazin, P. G. (1961),*Propagation of planetary-scale disturbances from the lower into the upper atmosphere*, J. Geophys. Res.*66*, 83–109.

Danielsen, E. F. (1968),*Stratospheric-tropospheric exchange based on radioactivity, ozone and potential vorticity*, J. Atmos. Sci.,*25*, 502–518.

Dewar, R. L. (1970),*Interaction between hydromagnetic waves and a time-dependent inhomogeneous medium*, Phys. Fluids*13*, 2710–2720.

Dickinson, R. E. (1969),*Theory of planetary wave-zonal flow interaction*, J. Atmos. Sci.*26*, 73–81.

Dunkerton, T. (1978),*On the mean meridional mass motions of the stratosphere and mesosphere*, J. Atmos. Sci.*35*, 2325–2333.

Dunkerton, T. (1979a),*On the role of the Kelvin wave in the westerly phase of the semiannual zonal wind oscillation*, J. Atmos. Sci.*36*, 32–41.

Dunkerton, T. (1979b),*Lagrangian-mean theory of wave, mean-flow interaction with applications to non-acceleration and its breakdown*, Revs. Geophys. and Space Phys. (submitted).

Eckart, C. (1963),*Some transformations of the hydrodynamic equations*, Phys. Fluids*6*, 1037–1041.

Edmon, H. J., Hoskings, B. J. andMcIntyre, M. E. (1980),*Meridional cross-sections of the Eliassen-Palm flux and its divergence*, J. Atmos., Sci. (to be submitted).

Eliassen, A. andPalm, E. (1961),*On the transfer of energy in stationary mountain waves*, Geofys. Publ.*22*, 3, 1-23.

Fels, S. B. andLindzen, R. S. (1974),*The interaction of thermally excited gravity waves with mean flows*, Geophys. Fluid Dyn.*6* 149–191.

Frieman, E. andRotenberg, M. (1960),*On hydromagnetic stability of stationary equilibria*, Revs. Mod. Phys.**32**, 898–902.

Grimshaw, R. H. J. (1975),*Nonlinear internal gravity waves in a rotating fluia*, J. Fluid Mech.,*71*, 497–512.

Hayes, W. D. (1970),*Conservation of action and modal wave, action*, Proc. Roy. Soc. A*320*, 187–208.

Hollweg, J. V. (1978),*Some physical processes in the solar wind*, Revs. Geophys. and Space Phys.*16*, 689–720.

Holton, J. R. (1974),*Forcing of mean flows by stationary waves*, J. Atmos. Sci.*31*, 942–945.

Holton, J. R. (1975),*The dynamic meteorology of the stratosphere and mesosphere*, Boston, Massachusetts, American Meteorological Society, 218 pp.

Holton, J. R. andDunkerton, T. (1978),*On the role of wave transience and dissipation in stratospheric mean flow vacillations*, J. Atmos. Sci.*35*, 740–744.

Holton, J. R. andLindzen, R. S. (1972),*An updated theory for the quasi-biennial cycle of the tropical stratosphere*, J. Atmos. Sci.*29*, 1076–1080.

Holton, J. R. andMass, C. (1976),*Stratospheric vacillation cycles*, J. Atmos. Sci.*33*, 2218–2225.

Krishnamurti, T. N. (1961),*The subtropical jet stream of winter*, J. Meterol.*18*, 172–191.

Lighthill, M. J. (1978),*Acoustic streaming*, J. Sound Vib.*61*, 391–418.

Mahlman, J. D. (1969),*Heat balance and mean meridional circulations in the polar stratosphere during the sudden warming of January 1958*, Mon. Wea. Rev.*97*, 534–540.

Matsuno, T. (1971),*A dynamical model of the stratospheric sudden warming*, J. Atmos. Sci.*28*, 1479–1494.

Matsuno, T. (1980),*Lagrangian motion of air parcels in the stratosphere in the presence of planetary waves*, Pure and Applied Geophys.**118**, 189–216.

McIntyre, M. E. (1973),*Mean motions and impulse of a guided internal gravity wave packet* J. Fluid Mech.*60*, 801–811.

McIntyre, M. E. (1977),*Wave transport in stratified, rotating fluids*.*Springer Lecture Notes in Physics, 71*, 290–314 (ed. E. A. Spiegel and J. P. Zahn). (The statement on p. 303 line 27 is wrong; but see eq. (5.2) on p. 311.)

McIntyre, M. E. (1979),*Towards a Lagrangian-mean description of stratospheric circulations and chemical transports*, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London, A, to appear (Middle Atmosphere issue).

McIntyre, M. E., andWeissman, M. A. (1978),*On radiating instabilities and resonant over-reflection*, J. Atmos. Sci.*35*, 1190–1196.

Moffett, M. B., Westervelt, P. J. andBeyer, R. T. (1971),*Large-amplitude pulse propagation-a transient effect. II*, J. Acoust. Soc. Amer.*49*, 339–343.

Peierls, R. (1976),*The momentum of light in a refracting medium*, Proc. Roy. Soc. A*347*, 475–491.

Plumb, R. A. (1975),*Momentum transport by the thermal tide in the stratosphere of Venus*, Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc.*101*, 763–776.

Plumb, R. A. (1977),*The interaction of two internal waves with the mean flow: implications for the theory of the quasi-biennial oscillation*, J. Atmos. Sci.*34*, 1847–1858.

Plumb, R. A. andMcEwan, A. D. (1978),*The instability of a forced standing wave in a viscous, stratified fluid: A laboratory analogue of the quasi-biennial oscillation* J. Atmos. Sci.*35*, 1827–1839.

Rhines, P. B. (1977),*The dynamics of unsteady currents*, in*The Sea: Ideas and Observations on Progress in the Study of the Seas*, Vol. 6, 189–318, (ed. E. D. Goldberg).

Rhines, P. B. andHolland, W. R. (1979),*A theoretical discussion of eddy-driven mean flows*, Dyn. Atmos. Oceans (to appear).

Riehl, H. andFultz, D. (1957),*Jet stream and long waves in a steady rotating-dishpan experiment: structure of the circulation*, Quart J. Roy. Meteorol Soc.*83*, 215–231.

Soward, A. M. (1972),*A kinematic theory of large magnetic Reynolds number dynamos*, Phil. Trans. Roy, Soc. A,*272*, 431–462.

Stewartson, K. (1978),*The evolution of the critical layer of a Rossby wave*, Geophys. Astrophys. Fluid Dyn.*9*, 185–200.

Tung, K. K. (1979),*A theory of stationary long waves. Part III: Quasi-normal modes in singular wave-guide*, J. Atmos. Sci*36* (to appear).

Uryu, M. (1980),*Acceleration of mean zonal flows by planetary waves*, Pure and Applied Geophys.,**118**, 661–693.

Warn, T. andWarn, H. (1978),*The evolution of a nonlinear critical level*, Studies in Appl. Math.*59*, 37–71.