The algebras of design
- George Stiny
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Shapes made up either of points, lines, planes, or solids belong to algebras that separately and in Cartesian products provide the main objects and devices used in shape grammars.
- T.W. Knight, 1989, “Color grammars: designing with lines and colors,”Planning and Design: Environment and Planning B 16, 4, 417–449 (The use of this idea in the algebras in Table 1 is elaborated in Stiny 1990c).
- R. Krishnamurti and C.F. Earl, 1990, “Shape recognition in three dimensions,” manuscript. To appear inPlanning and Design: Environment and Planning B.
- G. Stiny, 1975,Pictorial and Formal Aspects of Shape and Shape Grammars Birkhauser, Basel.
- G. Stiny, 1980. “Kindergarten grammars: designing with Froebel's building gifts,”Environment and Planning B, 7, 4, 409–462.
- G. Stiny, 1988,Shape: A Primer in Algebra, Grammar, and Description, manuscript.
- G. Stiny, 1989, “Formal devices for design,” in S.L. Newsome, W.R. Spillers, and S. Finger (eds.),Design Theory '88 Springer-Verlag, New York.
- G. Stiny, 1990a, “What is a design?,”Planning and Design: Environment and Planning B, 17, 1, 97–103.
- G. Stiny, 1990b, “What designers do that computers should,” in M. McCullough, W.J. Mitchell, and P. Purcell (eds.),The Electronic Design Studio: Architectural Knowledge and Media in the Computer Era, M. I. T. Press, Cambridge, MA.
- G. Stiny, 1990c, “Weights,” manuscript.
- The algebras of design
Research in Engineering Design
Volume 2, Issue 3 , pp 171-181
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- George Stiny (1)
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Graduate School of Architecture and Urban Planning, University of California, 90024, Los Angeles, CA, USA