Andersen, M., & Lobel, M. (1995). Predictors of health self-appraisal: What's involved in feeling healthy?Basic and Applied Social Psychology, 16(1–2), 121–136.
Baffi, C. R., Redican, K. J., Sefchick, M. K., & Impara, J. (1991). Gender role identity, gender role stress, and health behaviors: An exploratory study of college men.Health Values. Health Behaviors Education and Promotion, 15(1), 9–18.
Bem, S. L. (1974). The measurement of psychological androgyny.Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 42
Bem, S. L. (1975). Sex role adaptability: One consequence of psychological androgyny.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 31 634–643.
Bem, S. L. (1985). Androgyny and gender schema theory: A conceptual and empirical integration. In T. B. Sonderegger (Ed.),Nebraska symposium on motivation 1984: Psychology and gender (Vol. 32). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Berkman, L., & Breslow, L. (1983).Health and ways of living: The Alameda county study. New York: Oxford University Press.
Brems, C., & Johnson, M. E. (1989). Problem-solving appraisal and coping style: The influence of sex-role orientation and gender.The Journal of Psychology, 123(2), 187–194.
Centers for Disease Control. (1994). Health-risk behaviors among persons aged 12–21 years—United States, 1992.JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association, 271(17), 1311.
Cline, D. W., & Chosey, J. J. (1972). A prospective study of life changes and subsequent health changes.Archives of General Psychiatry, 27
Cohn, L. D., Macfarlane, S., Yanez, C., & Imai, W. K. (1995). Risk-perception: Differences between adolescents and adults.Health Psychology, 14
Costa, P. T., & McCrae, R. R. (1985). Hypochondriasis, neuroticism, and aging: When are somatic complaints unfounded?American Psychologist, 40
Costa, P. T. Jr., & McCrae, R. R. (1987). Role of neuroticism in the perception and presentation of chest pain symptoms and coronary artery disease. In J. W. Elias and P. H. Marshall's (Ed.)Cardiovascular disease and behavior: Series in health psychology and behavioral medicine (pp. 39–66). Washington, DC: Hemisphere Publishing.
Davis, C., Fox, J., Brewer, H., & Ratusny, D. (1995). Motivations to exercise as a function of personality characteristics, age, and gender.Personality and Individual Differences, 19(2), 165–174.
Desertrain, G. S., & Weiss, M. R. (1988). Being female and athletic: A cause for conflict?Sex Roles, 18 567–582.
Dill, A., Brown, P., Ciambrone, D., & Rakowski, W. (1995). The meaning and practice of self-care by older adults: A qualitative assessment.Research on Aging, 17(1), 8–41.
Downey, A. M. (1985). The relationship of sex role orientation to self-perceived health status in middle-aged men.Sex Roles, 11 211–225.
Dunn, D. S. (1994). Positive meaning and illusions following disability: Reality negotiation, normative interpretation, and value change.Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 9(5), 123–138.
Eisler, R. M., Skidmore, J. R., & Ward, C. H. (1988). Masculine gender role stress: Predictor of anger, anxiety and health-risk behaviors.Journal of Personality Assessment, 52 133–141.
Evans, R. I., Turner, S. H., Ghee, K. L., & Getz, J. G. (1990). Is androgynous sex role related to cigarette smoking in adolescents?Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 20 494–505.
Eysenck, H. J., & Eysenck, S. B. (1975).Manual of the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire. London: Hodder and Stroughton.
Fielding, J. (1987). Health promotion and disease prevention at the worksite. In R. Bellingham & B. Cohen (Eds.),The corporate wellness sourcebook. Amherst, MA: Development Press.
Furnham, A., & Radley, S. (1989). Sex differences in the perception of men and women body shapes.Personality and Individual Differences, 10 653–662.
Helgeson, V. S. (1991). The effects of masculinity and social support on recovery from myocardial infarction.Psychosomatic Medicine, 53
Hooker, K., & Kaus, C. R. (1992). Possible selves and health behaviors in later life.Journal of Aging and Health, 4(3), 390–411.
Hull, J. G., Tedlie, J. C., & Lehn, D. A. (1995). Modeling the relation of personality variables to symptom complaints: The unique role of negative affectivity. In R. H. Hoyle (Ed.)Structural equation modeling: Concepts, issues and applications (pp. 217–235). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Idler, E. L., & Kasl, S. (1991). Health perceptions and survival: Do global evaluations of health status really predict mortality?Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, 46 S55-S65.
Jorgensen, R. S., & Richards, S. C. (1989). Negative affect and the reporting of physical symptoms among college students.Journal of Counseling Psychology, 36 501–504.
Kimlicka, T. A., Sheppard, J. M., Sheppard, P. L., & Wakefield, J. A. Jr. (1988). The relationship between Eysenck's personality dimensions and Bem's masculinity and femininity scales.Personality and Individual Differences, 2(4), 833–835.
Kirk, R. E. (1982).Experimental design: Procedures for the behavioral sciences (2nd ed.). California: Brooks/Cole.
Klonoff, E. A., & Landrine, H. (1992). Sex roles, occupational roles, and symptom reporting: A test of competing hypotheses on sex differences.Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 5(4), 355–364.
Lancelot, C., & Kaslow, N. J. (1994). Sex role orientation and disordered eating in women: A review.Clinical Psychology Review, 14(2), 139–157.
Larsen, R. (1992). Neuroticism and selective encoding and recall of symptoms: Evidence from a combined concurrent-retrospective study.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 62
Markstrom-Adams, C. (1989). Androgyny and its relation to adolescent psychosocial wellbeing: A review of the literature.Sex Roles, 21 325–340.
Marx, M. B., Garrity, T. F., & Bowers, F. R. (1975). The influence of recent life experience on the health of college freshmen.Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 19
Pei-Hui, R. A., & Ward, C. (1994). A cross-cultural perspective on models of psychological androgyny.Journal of Social Psychology, 134
Rankin, S. H. (1995). Going it alone: Women managing recovery from acute myocardial infarction.Family and Community Health, 17(4), 50–62.
Sachs, R., Chrisler, J. C., & Devlin, A. S. (1992). Biographic and personal characteristics of women in management.Journal of Vocational Behavior, 41(1), 89–100.
Scheier, M. F., Carver, C. S., & Bridges, M. W. (1994). Distinguishing optimism from neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A reevaluation of the life orientation test.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67
Shifren, K., Bauserman, R. L., & Carter, D. B. (1993). Gender role orientation and physical health: A study among young adults.Sex Roles, 29 421–432.
Shifren, K., Furnham, A., & Bauserman, R. L. (1996).Instrumental, expressive traits and eating disorders: A comparison between American and British students. Manuscript under review.
Spence, J. T. (1991). Do the BSRI and the PAQ measure the same or different concepts?Psychology of Women Quarterly, 15 141–165.
Spence, J. T. (1993). Gender-related traits and gender ideology: Evidence for a multifactorial theory.Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 64
Spence, J. T. (1985). Gender identity and its implications for concepts of masculinity and femininity. In T. B. Sonderegger (Ed.),Nebraska symposium on motivation 1984: Psychology and gender (Vol. 32). Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.
Spence, J. T., Helmreich, R., & Stapp, J. (1974). The Personal Attributes Questionnaire: A measure of sex-role stereotypes and masculinity-femininity.JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 4 43–44, MS617.
Taylor, M. C., & Hall, J. A. (1982). Psychological androgyny: Theories, methods and conclusions.Psychological Bulletin, 92(2), 347–366.
Tinsley, E. G., Sullivan-Guest, S., & McGuire, J. (1984). Feminine sex role and depression in middle-aged women.Sex Roles, 11 25–32.
Verbrugge, L. M. (1989). The twain meet: Empirical explanations of sex differences in health and mortality.Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 30
Verbrugge, L. M. (1985). Gender and health: An update on hypotheses and evidence.Journal of Health and Social Behavior, 26
Vingerhoets, A. J., Croon, M., Jeninga, A. J., & Menges, L. J. (1990). Personality and health habits.Psychology and Health, 4(4), 333–342.
Webster, R. A., Hunter, M., & Keats, J. A. (1994). Personality and sociodemographic influences on adolescents' substance use: A path analysis.International Journal of the Addictions, 29
Wech, B. A. (1983). Sex role orientation, stress, and subsequent health status demonstrated by two scoring procedures for Bem's scale.Psychological Reports, 52
Welkowitz, J., Ewen, R. B., & Cohen, J. (1982).Introductory statistics for the behavioral sciences (3rd Ed) (pp. 275–285). New York: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich Publishers.
Whitley, B. E. Jr. (1985). Sex role orientation and psychological well-being: Two meta-analyses.Sex Roles, 12 207–225.
Whitley, B.E. Jr., & Gridley, B. E. (1993). Sex role orientation, self-esteem, and depression: A latent variables analysis.Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 19(4), 363–369.
Williams, R. L., Thomas, S. P., Young, D. O., Jozwiak, J. J., & Hector, M. A. (1991). Development of a health habits scale.Research in Nursing and Health, 14
Zeldow, P. B., Clark, D. C., Daugherty, S. R., & Eckenfels, E. J. (1985). Personality indications of psychosocial adjustment in first-year medical students.Social Science and Medicine, 20
Ziegler, C. B., Dusek, J. B., & Carter, D. B. (1984). Self-concept and sex role orientation: An investigation of multidimensional aspects of personality development in adolescence.Journal of Early Adolescence, 4 25–39.