Female ejaculation: Perceived origins, the Grafenberg spot/area, and sexual responsiveness
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
Despite earlier contrary claims, some researchers have recently reported a possible homologous female prostate gland that is potentially involved in a sudden spurt of fluid being released at the moment of orgasm. A number of medical authorities have speculated that this fluid is urine. To alleviate concerns about the possible release of urine during orgasmic response as well as to contribute to a further understanding of physiological and psychological sexual satisfaction, we examined a series of variables thought to be associated with female ejaculation [(expulsion of fluid during orgasm and its relationship, if any, to a sensitive anatomic area (Grafenberg spot)]. An anonymous questionnaire was distributed to 2350 professional women in the United States and Canada with a subsequent 55% return rate. Of these respondents, 40% reported having a fluid release (ejaculation) at the moment of orgasm. Further, 82% of the women who reported the sensitive area (Grafenberg spot) also reported ejaculation with their orgasms. A number of variables were associated with this perceived existence of female ejaculation.
Supplementary Material (0)
- Addiego, F., Belzer, E. G., Comolli, J., Moger, W., Perry, J. D., and Whipple, B. (1980). Female “ejaculation.”Med. Aspects Hum. Sex. 14(8): 99, 103.
- Addiego, F., Belzer. E. G., Comolli, J., Moger, W., Perry, J. D., and Whipple, B. (1981). Female ejaculation: A case study.J. Sex Res. 17: 13–21.
- Alzate, H., and Hoch, Z. (1986). The “G spot” and female ejaculation: A current appraisal.J. Sex Marital Ther. 12: 211–220.
- Belzer, E. G., Jr. (1981). Orgasmic expulsions of females: A review and heuristic inquiry.J. Sex Res. 17: 1–12.
- Belzer, E. G., Jr. (1984). A review of female ejaculation and the Grafenberg spot.Women Health 9: 5–16.
- Bohlen, J. G. (1982). Female ejaculation and urinary stress incontinence.J. Sex Res. 18: 360–363.
- Bullough, B., David, M., Whipple, B., Dixon, J., Allgeier, E. R., and Drury, K. C. (1984). Subjective reports of female orgasmic explusion of fluid.Nurse Pract. 9: 55–59.
- Caldwell, G. T. (1941). The glands of the posterior female urethra.Texas State J. Med. 36: 627–632.
- Davies, J. (1963).Human Developmental Anatomy Ronald Press, New York.
- Deter, R. L., Caldwell, G. T., and Folsom, A. I. (1946). A clinical and pathological study of the posterior female urethra.J. Urol. 55: 651–662.
- Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary, 26th ed. (1985). W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia.
- Ellis, H. (1937).Studies in the Psychology of Sex, Vol. 2, Random House, New York.
- Evatt, E. J. (1911). A contribution to the development of the prostate gland in the human female, and a study of the homologies of the urethra and vagina of the sexes.J. Anat. Physiol. 45: 122–130.
- Freese, M. P., and Levitt, E. E. (1984). Relationships among intervaginal pressure, orgasmic function, parity factors, and urinary leakage.Arch. Sex. Behav. 13: 261–260.
- Goldberg, D. C., Whipple, B., Fishkin, R. E., Waxman, H., Fink, P. J., and Weisberg, M. (1983). The Granfenberg spot and female ejaculation: A review of initial hypotheses.J. Sex Marital Ther. 9: 27–37.
- Grafenberg, E. (1950). The role of the urethra in female orgasm.Int. J. Sexol. 3: 145–148.
- Greenberg, J. S., Bruess, C. E., and Sands, D. W. (1986).Sexuality: Insights and Issues William C. Brown, Dubuque, IA.
- Heath, D. (1984). An investigation into the origins of a copious vaginal discharge during intercourse: “Enough to wet the bed”—that “is not urine.”J. Sex Res. 20: 194–210.
- Heath, D. (1986, November). The tumescent and ejaculatory function of the female prostate homologue. Presented at the annual meeting of the Society for the Scientific Study of Sex, St. Louis.
- Huffman, J. W. (1948). The detailed anatomy of the peraurethral ducts in the adult human female.Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 55: 86–100.
- Huggins, G. R., and Preti, G. (1981). Vaginal odors and secretions.Clini. Obstet. Gynecol. 24: 355–377.
- Johnson, F. P. (1922). Homologue of the prostate in the female.J. Urol. 8: 13–34.
- Kegel, A. H. (1949). Physiological treatment of poor tone and function of genital muscles and of urinary stress incontinence.Western J. Surg. 5: 527–535.
- Ladas, A. K., Whipple, B., and Perry, J. D. (1982).The G Spot and Other Recent Discoveries About Human Sexuality Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York.
- Levin, R. J., and Wagner, G. (1985). Orgasm in women in the laboratory: Quantitative studies on duration, intensity, latency, and vaginal blood flow.Arch. Sex. Behav. 14: 439–449.
- Masters, W., Johnson, V., and Kolodny, R. (1988).Human Sexuality 3rd ed., Scott, Foresman, Glenview, IL.
- Netter, F. H. (1954).The CIBA Collection of Medical Illustrations, Vol. 2, CIBA Pharamaceutical Products, Summit, NJ.
- Oziel, L. J. (1978). Inconsistency of coital orgasm in women.Med. Aspects Hum. Sex. 12(9): 16, 19, 23–24, 27–28.
- Perry, J. D., and Whipple, B. (1981). Pelvic muscle strength of female ejaculators: Evidence in support of a new theory of orgasm.J. Sex Res. 17: 22–39.
- Pollen, J. J., and Dreilinger, A. (1984). Immunohistochemical identification of prostatic acid phosphatace specific antigen in female periurethral glands.Urology 23: 303–304.
- Sevely, J. L., and Bennett, J. W. (1978). Concerning female ejaculation and the female prostate.J. Sex Res. 14: 1–20.
- Skene, A. J. C. (1880). The anatomy and pathology of two important glands of the female urethraAm. J. Obstet. Dis. Women Child. 13: 265–270.
- Stone, A., and Gamble, C. J. (1959). The quantity of vaginal fluid.Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 78: 279–281.
- Tepper, S. L., Jagirdar, J., Heath, D., and Geller, S. A. (1984). Homology between the female paraurethral (Skene's) glands and the prostate.Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med. 108: 423–425.
- Weisberg, M. (1981). A note on female ejaculation.J. Sex Res. 17: 90–91.
- Zaviacic, M., Brozman, M., Zajickova, M., Blazekova, J., and Oberucova, J. (1985). The adult human female urethra enzyme-histochemical study.Acta Histochem. 77: 165–175.
About this Article
- Female ejaculation: Perceived origins, the Grafenberg spot/area, and sexual responsiveness
Archives of Sexual Behavior
Volume 19, Issue 1 , pp 29-47
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
- Additional Links
- female ejaculation
- Grafenberg spot, sexual satisfaction
- urinary incontinence
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Family, Child, and Consumer Sciences, Florida State University, Tallahassee, Florida, USA
- 2. Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire, Eau Claire, Wisconsin, USA
- 3. School of Nursing, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, Tennessee, USA