Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 24, Issue 3, pp 235–248

The prevalence of homosexual behavior and attraction in the United States, the United Kingdom and France: Results of national population-based samples

  • Randall L. Sell
  • James A. Wells
  • David Wypij
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF01541598

Cite this article as:
Sell, R.L., Wells, J.A. & Wypij, D. Arch Sex Behav (1995) 24: 235. doi:10.1007/BF01541598

Abstract

Researchers determining the prevalence of homosexuality in nationally representative samples have focused upon determining the prevalence of homosexual behavior, ignoring those individuals whose sexual attraction to the same sex had not resulted in sexual behavior. We examine the use of sexual attraction as well as sexual behavior to estimate the prevalence of homosexuality in the United States, the United Kingdom, and France using the Project HOPE International Survey of AIDS-Risk Behaviors. We find that 8.7, 7.9, and 8.5% of males and 11.1, 8.6, and 11.7% of females in the United States, the United Kingdom, and France, respectively, report some homosexual attraction but no homosexual behavior since age 15. Further, considering homosexual behavior and homosexual attraction as different but overlapping dimensions of homosexuality, we find 20.8, 16.3, and 18.5% of males, and 17.8, 18.6, and 18.5% of females in the United States, the United Kingdom, and France report either homosexual behavior or homosexual attraction since age 15. Examination of homosexual behavior separately finds that 6.2, 4.5, and 10.7% of males and 3.6, 2.1, and 3.3% of females in the United States, the United Kingdom, and France, respectively, report having had sexual contact with someone of the same sex in the previous 5 years. Our findings highlight the importance of using more than just homosexual behavior to examine the prevalence of homosexuality.

Key words

sexual behavior sexual attraction sexual orientation prevalence homosexuality bisexuality 

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Randall L. Sell
    • 1
  • James A. Wells
    • 2
  • David Wypij
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Health Policy and ManagementHarvard School of Public HealthBostonUSA
  2. 2.Center for Health Policy StudiesWashington, DCUSA
  3. 3.Department of BiostatisticsHarvard School of Public HealthBostonUSA