Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 6, Issue 5, pp 365–385

Gender and environment as determinants of behavior in infant common baboons (Papio cynocephalus)

  • George H. Young
  • Claud A. Bramblett

DOI: 10.1007/BF01541181

Cite this article as:
Young, G.H. & Bramblett, C.A. Arch Sex Behav (1977) 6: 365. doi:10.1007/BF01541181


Two groups of infant baboons were observed. The breast-fed group was housed in a gang cage with nursing mothers (n = 13) and the other motherless group was in a wire-cage nursery habitat (n = 20). Differences in behavior due to gender and environment were tested by analysis of variance. The results do not support the hypothesis that innate sex differences exist in baboons aged 0–3 months. Nursery-reared subjects had significantly higher scores for rough-and-tumble play, stereotypy, threat, avoid, explore, high tension, and nonaggressive social behaviors, but these behaviors are not significantly different between sexes in either group.

Key words

animal sex differences early experience infant baboons monkeys sex differences 

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • George H. Young
    • 1
  • Claud A. Bramblett
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyThe University of Texas at AustinAustinUSA
  2. 2.The Southwest Foundation for Research and EducationSan AntonioUSA