, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 151-166

Sex differences in bonnet macaque networks and social structure

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Male and female behavioral differentiation is part of infant socialization. The infant monkey builds its social network through the contacts it makes with others in its society. Male and female infants begin relatively early to emphasize different relationships and activities. In some species, as among baboons, the sex roles are strongly differentiated through this process. Bonnet macaque (Macaca radiata) infants are integrated into society by developing a social network including virtually all members of the society. Females develop their network primarily through grooming and remain closely associated with their mothers. Males rely more heavily on the play group, which includes participating subadult and adult males. These contacts with adult representatives give models for the developing behavioral roles.

This paper was presented at the symposium, “Male and Female Behavior in Primate Societies,” at the Fourth International Congress of Primatology, Portland, Oregon, August 1972.