Understanding the means and objects of addiction: Technology, the internet, and gambling
- Dr. Howard J. Shaffer Ph.D., C.A.S.
- … show all 1 hide
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
This article describes how using new computer technology and the Internet for gambling can represent both the means and object of addiction. However, these technological factors do not represent the cause of addictive behavior. Given the widespread availability of computer technology and the remarkable expansion of the Internet, it is not surprising, however, that these technological advances have become associated with intemperate gambling activities. By discussing the concept of addiction and its associated social setting, neurochemistry, and gaming characteristics, this article suggests that addiction is the result of shifts in subjective experience and that new technology and the Internet can provide relatively reliable and potent contemporary vehicles for changing emotional states.
- Benjamin, J., Lin, L., Patterson, C., Greenberg, B. D., Murphy, D. L., & Hammer, D. H. (1996). Population and familial association between the D4 dopamine receptor gene and measures of novelty seeking.Nature Genetics, 12(January), 81–83.
- Bulkeley, W. M. (1995, August 16). Feeling Luck? Electronics is bringing gambling into homes, restaurants and planes.Wall Street Journal, pp. 1, A7.
- Chapman, G. (1996). The Internet: Promise and peril in cyberspace. InMicrosoft Encarta96 Encyclopedia. Redmond, CA: Microsoft Corporation.
- Courtwright, D. T. (1982).Dark paradise. Opiate addiction in America before 1940. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
- Ebstein, R. P., Novick, O., Umansky, R., Priel, B., Osher, Y., Blaine, D., Bennett, E. R., Nemanov, L., Katz, M., & Belmaker, R. H. (1996). Dopamine D4 receptor (D4DR) exon III polymorphism associated with the human personality trait of novelty seeking.Nature Genetics, 12(January), 78–80.
- Epstein, J. (1989). Confession of a low roller. In R. Atwan (Ed.),The best American essays 1989 (pp. 98–113). New York: Ticknor & Fields.
- Hyman, S.E. (1994). Why does the brain prefer opium to broccoli?Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 2, 43–6.
- Hyman, S.E., & Nestler, E.J. (1993).The molecular foundations of psychiatry. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Press.
- Jabs, C. (1996, May 21). Fatal distraction?HOMEPC, 3, 66–70, 76, 78.
- Jacobs, D. (1989). A general theory of addictions: rationale for and evidence supporting a new approach for understanding and treating addictive behaviors. In Shaffer, H.J., Stein, S., Gambino, B., & Cummings, T. N. (Eds.).Compulsive gambling: theory, research & practice, (pp. 36–64). Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
- Marlatt, G.A. (1988). Matching clients to treatment: treatment models and stages of change. In Donovan, D.M. & Marlatt, G.A. (Eds.)Assessment of addictive behaviors, (pp. 474–484). New York: Guilford Press.
- Marlatt, G.A., Baer, J.S., Dovovan, D.M., & Kivlahan, D.R. (1988). Addictive behaviors: Etiology and treatment.Annual Review of Psychology, 39, 223–252.
- Milkman, H.B., & Sunderwirth, S.G. (1987).Craving for ecstasy: the consciousness & chemistry of escape. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.
- Murray, B. (1996). Computer addictions entangle students.The APA Monitor, 27(6), 3839.
- National Association of Attorneys General. (1996, May/June). Executive summary of Internet gambling report.NAAG Gaming Developments Bulletin, 12.
- O'neill, M. (1995, March 8). The lure and addiction of life on line.The New York Times, pp. C1, C6.
- Reuters News Service. (1992, November 25). Cigarette shortage in Italy draws tobacconist protest.Boston Globe.
- Shaffer, H.J. (1996). Conceptual crises and the addictions: a philosophy of science perspective.Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 3, 285–296.
- Shaffer, H.J. (1987). The assessment and diagnosis of addictive disorders: The use of clinical reflection and hypotheses testing.Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 4, 103–113.
- Shaffer, H.J. (1992). The psychology of stage change: the transition from addiction to recovery, in J.H. Lowinson, P. Ruiz, R.B. Millman (Eds.),Comprehensive Textbook of Substance Abuse-2nd edition. Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins, 100–105.
- Shaffer, H.J. (1993). Denial, ambivalence and countertransference hate, in J.D. Levin & R. Weiss (Eds.),Alcoholism: Dynamics and Treatment. Northdale, New Jersey: Jason Aronson Inc., 421–437.
- Shaffer, H.J. (in press). The most important unresolved issue in the addictions: conceptual chaos.International Journal of the Addictions.
- Shaffer, H.J. & Burglass, M.E. (Eds.) (1981).Classic contributions in the addictions. New York: Brunner/Mazel.
- Shaffer, H.J., & Gambino, B. (1983). Addiction Paradigms III: From Theory-Research to Practice and Back.Advance in Alcohol and Substance Abuse, 3, 135–152.
- Shaffer, H.J., & Robbins, M. (1991). Manufacturing multiple meanings of addiction: time-limited realities,Contemporary Family Therapy: An International Journal, 13(5), 387–404.
- Shaffer, H.J., & Robbins, M. (1995). Psychotherapy for Addictive Behaviors: A Stage Change Approach to Meaning Making, in A. M. Washton (Ed.),Psychotherapy and Substance Abuse: A Practitioner's Handbook. New York: Guilford Publications, 103–123.
- Shaffer, H.J., Hall, M.N., Walsh, J.S., & Vander Bilt, J. (1995). The psychosocial consequences of gambling. In R. Tannenwald (Ed.),Casino development: How would casinos affect New England's economy. Special Report No. 2. Boston: Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, 130–141.
- Wray, I., & Dickerson, M. (1981). Cessation of high frequency gambling and “withdrawal” symptoms.British Journal of Addiction, 76, 401–405.
- Zinberg, N.E. (1984).Drug, set, and setting: the basis for controlled intoxicant use. New Haven: Yale University Press.
- Zinberg, N. E., & Fraser, K. M. (1979). The role of the social setting in the prevention and treatment of alcoholism. In J. Mendelson & N. Mello (Eds.),The Diagnosis & Treatment of Alcoholism (pp. 359–385). New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
- Understanding the means and objects of addiction: Technology, the internet, and gambling
Journal of Gambling Studies
Volume 12, Issue 4 , pp 461-469
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Human Sciences Press
- Additional Links
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Division on Addictions, Harvard Medical School, 220 Longwood Avenue, 02115, Boston, MA