, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 359-374

Structural gene coding for multifunctional protein carrying orotate phosphoribosyltransferase and OMP decarboxylase activity is located on long arm of human chromosome 3

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In humans, deficiency in the last two enzymes of UMP biosynthesis, orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (OPRT) and OMP decarboxylase results in the inborn error of metabolism hereditary orotic aciduria, type 1. In this manuscript, we present immunologic, molecular, biochemical, and genetic evidence that the gene coding for this set of enzymatic activities is located on the long arm of human chromosome 3. The evidence presented here is consistent with both these activities being carried on the same multifunctional protein in mammalian cells. These studies allow further genetic analysis of human chromosome 3, confirming that human markers ACY-1, previously assigned to 3p21, and β-gal, previously assigned by others to the region 3(p21-q21), must be in the region 3 (cen-p21) and confirming the regional assignment of a human DNA segment, D3S1, to 3q12. The significance of these studies to genetic analysis of genes on human chromosome 3, some of which appear to play a role in some forms of malignancy, is discussed.