, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 377-396

Ethnic socialization of African American children: Implications for parenting, identity development, and academic achievement

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Abstract

This research explores ethnic socialization among middle-income African American parents and their children who attend predominantly white schools. Descriptive data regarding parents' and children's reports of ethnic socialization practices were obtained. Additionally, the relationship between ethnic socialization, ethnic identity, and academic achievement was assessed through correlational and predictive statistics. Correlation analyses indicated that children's reports of ethnic socialization were significantly related to the encounter stage of ethnic identity. Surprisingly, the child's report of ethnic socialization was predictive of lower classroom grades. Findings are discussed in terms of their implications for ethnic socialization and identity development among African American children.

This research was conducted as a portion of a doctoral thesis submitted to the Department of Human Development and Family Studies, The Pennsylvania State University, and was presented as part of the Symposium, TheSignificance of Ethnic Identity and Socialization for African American Youth: Findings from Pre-to Lote Adolescence, the fifth biennial meetings of the Society for Research on Adolescence, San Diego, California, 1994.
Received Ph.D. from The Pennsylvania State University. Research interests: ethnic socialization, ethnic identity, and the relationship of ethnic identity and ethnic socialization to psychosocial and behavioral outcomes for minority Status youth.