Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 15, Issue 2, pp 149–161

Stereotypic behavior as a reinforcer: Effects and side effects

  • Mark Wolery
  • Karen Kirk
  • David L. Gast
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF01531601

Cite this article as:
Wolery, M., Kirk, K. & Gast, D.L. J Autism Dev Disord (1985) 15: 149. doi:10.1007/BF01531601

Abstract

This study assessed the effects and side effects of using stereotypic behavior as a consequence for correct responding with two autistic children. The children were cued through a model to engage in stereotypic behavior contingent upon correct responses in tasktraining sessions. This instructional arrangement produced increases in the percent of correct responses. Measures of the stereotypic behavior used as a reinforcer, other stereotypic behaviors, and appropriate behaviors were collected during daily 5-minute free operant settings before and after the tasktraining sessions. No replicable, systematic changes in the percent of intervals in which subjects engaged in those side effect measures were noted. Thus, a new method for delivering stereotypic behavior as a reinforcer was investigated and produced reinforcing effects; the rate of that behavior in free operant settings was not adversely affected.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark Wolery
    • 1
  • Karen Kirk
    • 1
  • David L. Gast
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Special EducationUniversity of KentuckyLexington