Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 139–152

Do autistic children come from upper-middle-class parents?

  • Eric Schopler
  • Carol E. Andrews
  • Karen Strupp
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF01531530

Cite this article as:
Schopler, E., Andrews, C.E. & Strupp, K. J Autism Dev Disord (1979) 9: 139. doi:10.1007/BF01531530

Abstract

Most studies have reported autistic children as coming from upper social economic status (SES) families. A few studies have not found any such social class bias. In order to resolve these contradictory findings, an empirical study was conducted on a statewide sample of families with autistic children. It was hypothesized that autistic children from high SES families would be associated with seven social class selection factors: (1) early age of onset, (2) early age of treatment admission, (3) normal cognitive potential, (4) complex rituals with maintenance of sameness, (5) long distance traveled for treatment, (6) limited availability of services, and (7) very detailed child history. Factors 1, 5, 6, and 7 distinguished high SES from low SES families in the predicted direction. Implications for research and treatment are discussed.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1979

Authors and Affiliations

  • Eric Schopler
    • 1
  • Carol E. Andrews
    • 1
  • Karen Strupp
    • 1
  1. 1.The University of North Carolina at Chapel HillUSA