, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 1-28

Female subsistence strategies among Ache hunter-gatherers of Eastern Paraguay

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Anthropologists have frequently proposed that sexual division of labor is produced by childcare constraints on women's subsistence work. We present data on the forest activities of Ache women that show that differences in parental investment partially account for variation in food acquisition among individual women. Data also suggest that childcare constraints are important in understanding the sexual division of labor.