, Volume 52, Issue 4, pp 427-458

The hierarchical basis multigrid method

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We derive and analyze the hierarchical basis-multigrid method for solving discretizations of self-adjoint, elliptic boundary value problems using piecewise linear triangular finite elements. The method is analyzed as a block symmetric Gauß-Seidel iteration with inner iterations, but it is strongly related to 2-level methods, to the standard multigridV-cycle, and to earlier Jacobi-like hierarchical basis methods. The method is very robust, and has a nearly optimal convergence rate and work estimate. It is especially well suited to difficult problems with rough solutions, discretized using highly nonuniform, adaptively refined meshes.