Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology

, Volume 24, Issue 4, pp 473–480

A revised teacher rating scale for Reactive and Proactive Aggression

  • Kim Brown
  • Marc S. Atkins
  • Mary L. Osborne
  • Mary Milnamow

DOI: 10.1007/BF01441569

Cite this article as:
Brown, K., Atkins, M.S., Osborne, M.L. et al. J Abnorm Child Psychol (1996) 24: 473. doi:10.1007/BF01441569


A teacher rating scale of reactive aggression, proactive aggression, and covert antisocial behavior was evaluated in a normative sample of third- to fifth-grade predominantly white lower middle class boys (N= 186). Factor analysis revealed independent and internally consistent Reactive Aggression (six reactive items), and Proactive Aggression (five proactive items, five covert items) factors. Although the factors were intercorrelated (r= .67), and each factor was significantly correlated with negative peer social status (r= .26 for each, controlling for grade), the independence of the factors was supported by the unique relation of Reactive Aggression with in-school detentions (r= .31), controlling for Proactive Aggression and grade. These results supported the reliability and validity of Reactive and Proactive Aggression as rated by teachers, which should facilitate further research of these constructs.

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kim Brown
    • 1
  • Marc S. Atkins
    • 2
  • Mary L. Osborne
    • 3
  • Mary Milnamow
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Counseling PsychologyWest Chester UniversityWest ChesterUSA
  2. 2.Institute for Juvenile ResearchUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicagoUSA
  3. 3.Department of PediatricsRobert Wood Johnson Medical SchoolNew BrunswickUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychologyTemple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA