International Journal of Computer Vision

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 213–227

Three-dimensional shape from color photometric stereo

  • Per H. Christensen
  • Linda G. Shapiro
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF01427152

Cite this article as:
Christensen, P.H. & Shapiro, L.G. Int J Comput Vision (1994) 13: 213. doi:10.1007/BF01427152

Abstract

Computer vision systems can be used to determine the shapes of real three-dimensional objects for purposes of object recognition and pose estimation or for CAD applications. One method that has been developed is photometric stereo. This method uses several images taken from the same viewpoint, but with different lightings, to determine the three-dimensional shape of an object. Most previous work in photometric stereo has been with gray-tone images; color images have only been used for dielectric materials. In this paper we describe a procedure for color photometric stereo, which recovers the shape of a colored object from two or more color images of the object under white illumination. This method can handle different types of materials, such as composites and metals, and can employ various reflection models such as the Lambertian, dichromatic, and Torrance-Sparrow models. For composite materials, colored metals, and dielectrics, there are two advantages of utilizing color information: at each pixel, there are more constraints on the orientation, and the result is less sensitive to noise. Consequently, the shape can be found more accurately. The method has been tested on both artificial and real images of objects of various materials, and on real images of a multi-colored object.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Per H. Christensen
    • 1
  • Linda G. Shapiro
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science & EngineeringUniversity of WashingtonSeattle