Virtual Reality

, Volume 5, Issue 3, pp 169–182

A survey of electromagnetic position tracker calibration techniques


DOI: 10.1007/BF01409422

Cite this article as:
Kindratenko, V.V. Virtual Reality (2000) 5: 169. doi:10.1007/BF01409422


This paper is a comprehensive survey of various techniques used to calibrate electromagnetic position tracking systems. A common framework is established to present the calibration problem as the interpolation problem in 3D. All the known calibration techniques are classified into local and global methods and grouped according to their mathematical models. Both the location error and the orientation error correction techniques are surveyed. Data acquisition devices and methods as well as publicly available software implementations are reviewed, too.


Electromagnetic position trackingTracker calibrationVirtual reality

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA)University of Illinois at Urbana-ChampaignUrbandUSA