, Volume 39, Issue 3, pp 341-350

Finite difference methods and their convergence for a class of singular two point boundary value problems

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We discuss the construction of three-point finite difference approximations and their convergence for the class of singular two-point boundary value problems: (x α y′)′=f(x,y), y(0)=A, y(1)=B, 0<α<1. We first establish a certain identity, based on general (non-uniform) mesh, from which various methods can be derived. To obtain a method having order two for all α∈(0,1), we investigate three possibilities. By employing an appropriate non-uniform mesh over [0,1], we obtain a methodM 1 based on just one evaluation off. For uniform mesh we obtain two methodsM 2 andM 3 each based on three evaluations off. For α=0,M 1 andM 2 both reduce to the classical second-order method based on one evaluation off. These three methods are investigated, theirO(h 2)-convergence established and illustrated by numerical examples.