Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 413–430

A different disease: HIV/AIDS and health care for women in poverty

  • Martha C. Ward

DOI: 10.1007/BF01379308

Cite this article as:
Ward, M.C. Cult Med Psych (1993) 17: 413. doi:10.1007/BF01379308


The goal of this paper is to demonstrate that HIV/AIDS for poor women is a qualitatively different disease than the one first defined in the United States in the 1980s. HIV/AIDS for poor women is not a new disease; it is only another life-threatening condition which parallels serious health problems already experienced by these populations. A time-honored and broad continuum of disease and death for poor women is linked to such factors as poverty, self-medication, infant morbidity, infant mortality and cervical cancer. The programmatic responses to HIV/AIDS in poor women have been grafted onto existing services established by and for homosexual men or onto the obstetrical-gynecological and prenatal systems already in place. Furthermore, the primary socio-psychological mechanisms of denial and dependency that characterize poor women are far more salient than notions of risk-taking or sexual lifestyles. These conclusions lead to somber predictions for the course of the epidemic and the prognosis for treatment and care for poor women with HIV.

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Martha C. Ward
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of New OrleansNew Orleans