Plant and Soil

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 433–438

Cation and anion balance in the xylem exudate of tobacco roots

  • Arthur Wallace
  • A. M. Abou-Zamzam
  • E. Motoyama
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF01372674

Cite this article as:
Wallace, A., Abou-Zamzam, A.M. & Motoyama, E. Plant Soil (1971) 35: 433. doi:10.1007/BF01372674

Summary

The sum of Na, K, Ca, Mg in the exudate of tobacco generally exceeded the sum of mineral anions. Insufficient organic acids were present to account for the differences and bicarbonate appeared to be the other anion involved. Amino acids were present in very low concentrations relative to mineral cations. When nitrate salts only were in the external solutions, the anions were mostly, but not entirely, nitrate. When chloride salts only were in the external solutions, the cations far exceeded the level of mineral anions in the exudate. It is postulated that nitrate is actively transported when nitrate salts are in the external solution regardless of the cation, but when anions other than nitrate are in the external solution, the cations are actively transported with the anions passively following. Nitrate transport was via a symplasm, but that of the other anions seemed to be different. When bicarbonate is the only anion in the external solution and when present at relatively high concentrations (5 × 10−3M or higher), the volume of exudate is decreased. It appears that the organic acids which were synthesized as a result of the bicarbonate absorption were not transferred to the xylem vessels.

Copyright information

© Martinus Nijhoff 1971

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arthur Wallace
    • 2
    • 1
  • A. M. Abou-Zamzam
    • 2
    • 1
  • E. Motoyama
    • 2
    • 1
  1. 1.Soil Science and Agricultural EngineeringRiverside
  2. 2.Agricultural SciencesUniv. of Calif.Los Angeles