Journal of Community Health

, Volume 16, Issue 5, pp 283–295

Factors which influence use of prenatal care in low-income racialethnic women in Los Angeles county

  • Ruth E. Zambrana
  • Christine Dunkel-Schetter
  • Susan Scrimshaw

DOI: 10.1007/BF01320336

Cite this article as:
Zambrana, R.E., Dunkel-Schetter, C. & Scrimshaw, S. J Community Health (1991) 16: 283. doi:10.1007/BF01320336


There is very limited information on ethnic differences in use of prenatal care services. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of sociodemographic, health behaviors, medical risk, and psychosocial risk factors on the timing of prenatal care among Black-American, Mexican-American, and recent Mexican immigrant women in Los Angeles. A sample of 107 primiparous women were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Information obtained included socioeconomic indicators, relationship with baby's father, timing of prenatal care, psychosocial factors, and substance use before pregnancy. Ethnic patterns of timing of prenatal care revealed no significant differences. The relationship with the baby's father was associated with early timing of prenatal care and more prenatal care visits. Substance use before pregnancy was significantly related to total number of visits for this pregnancy.

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ruth E. Zambrana
    • 1
  • Christine Dunkel-Schetter
  • Susan Scrimshaw
  1. 1.UCLA School of Social WelfareLos Angeles