Archives of Virology

, Volume 124, Issue 1, pp 69–82

The species concept and its application to tailed phages

  • H. -W. Ackermann
  • M. S. DuBow
  • A. W. Jarvis
  • L. A. Jones
  • V. N. Krylov
  • J. Maniloff
  • J. Rocourt
  • R. S. Safferman
  • J. Schneider
  • L. Seldin
  • T. Sozzi
  • P. R. Stewart
  • M. Werquin
  • L. Wünsche
Original Papers

DOI: 10.1007/BF01314626

Cite this article as:
Ackermann, H.W., DuBow, M.S., Jarvis, A.W. et al. Archives of Virology (1992) 124: 69. doi:10.1007/BF01314626

Summary

A recently proposed polythetic definition of virus species appears easily applicable to bacteriophages. Criteria for classification of tailed phages are evaluated. Morphology, DNA homology, and serology are the most important criteria for delineation of species, but no single criterion is satisfactory. Dot-blot hybridization and seroneutralization may suggest false relationships by detecting common sequences in the DNA of otherwise unrelated phages. Species of tailed phages can be defined by a combination of morphology and DNA homology or serology. A procedure for identification of novel phages is outlined. Phage names should include elements of host names.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. -W. Ackermann
    • 1
  • M. S. DuBow
    • 2
  • A. W. Jarvis
    • 3
  • L. A. Jones
    • 4
  • V. N. Krylov
    • 5
  • J. Maniloff
    • 6
  • J. Rocourt
    • 7
  • R. S. Safferman
    • 8
  • J. Schneider
    • 9
  • L. Seldin
    • 10
  • T. Sozzi
    • 11
  • P. R. Stewart
    • 12
  • M. Werquin
    • 13
  • L. Wünsche
    • 14
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology, Faculty of MedicineLaval UniversityQuebecCanada
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology and ImmunologyMcGill UniversityMontrealCanada
  3. 3.New Zealand Dairy Research InstitutePalmerston NorthNew Zealand
  4. 4.Department of Immunology and MicrobiologyWayne State University School of MedicineDetroitUSA
  5. 5.Institute for Genetics of MicroorganismsMoscowUSSR
  6. 6.Department of Microbiology and Immunology, School of Medicine and DentistryUniversity of RochesterNew YorkUSA
  7. 7.Laboratoire des ListeriaInstitut PasteurParisFrance
  8. 8.Office of Research and Development, Environmental Monitoring Systems LaboratoryU.S. Environmental Protection AgencyCincinnatiUSA
  9. 9.Abteilung für angewandte GenetikUniversität OsnabrückOsnabrückFederal Republic of Germany
  10. 10.Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Instituto de Microbiologia, Centro de Ciências de SaúdeCidade UniversitariaIlha do Fundáo, Rio de JaneiroBrazil
  11. 11.Centro Sperimentale del LatteZelo Bon PersicoItaly
  12. 12.Division of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Faculty of ScienceAustralian National UniversityCanberraAustralia
  13. 13.Institut Agricole et Alimentaire de LilleUniversité des Sciences et Techniques de Lille Flandres ArtoisVilleneuve d'AscqFrance
  14. 14.Institut für BiotechnologieLeipzigFederal Republic of Germany