Determination of human rotavirus VP4 using serotype-specific cDNA probes
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- Rasool, N.B.G., Larralde, G. & Gorziglia, M.I. Archives of Virology (1993) 133: 275. doi:10.1007/BF01313768
The VP4 genetic groups of 151 field strains of human rotaviruses obtained from infants and young children with diarrhea from four locations in Malaysia were analyzed. The strains were adapted to growth in tissue culture and studied further by molecular hybridization of northern blotted RNA to PCR-generated cDNA probes representing amino acids 84–180 of the KU strain VP4, 83–181 of the DS-1 strain VP4, and 83–180 of either the 1076 or K8 strain VP4, representing VP4 genetic groups 1–4 (P1A, P1B, P2, and P3), respectively. The majority (79% of the field strains hybridized with the KU VP4 genetic group 1 probe and were associated with G1, G3, G4, untypable, or mixed G serotypes. VP4 genetic group 1 (P1A) strains were the most common in all locations in Malaysia between 1978–1988. Three strains which exhibited G3 and subgroup I specificity hybridized with the K8 VP4 genetic group 4 probe. These three VP4 genetic group 4 (P3) strains were detected in two different years and locations, extending the initial detection of this VP4 genetic group (the K8 strain) in Japan to a larger geographical area of Asia.