Archives of Virology

, Volume 128, Issue 3, pp 257–267

Virological investigations of specimens from buffaloes affected by buffalopox in Maharashtra State, India between 1985 and 1987

  • K. Dumbell
  • Madalene Richardson
Original Papers

DOI: 10.1007/BF01309438

Cite this article as:
Dumbell, K. & Richardson, M. Archives of Virology (1993) 128: 257. doi:10.1007/BF01309438


Isolates of poxviruses were made from thirteen of eighteen specimens of scabs taken from pox lesions on buffaloes in five different districts of Maharashtra State, India, between December, 1985 and February, 1987. The biological characters of twelve of the isolates resembled those of the Hissar strain of buffalopox virus; the thirteenth isolate appeared to be vaccinia. The Hin dIII restriction profiles of DNA from all 13 isolates and from the Hissar strain were typical of those given by vaccinia strains. DNA from all twelve Maharashtra buffalopox (BPV) isolates gave identical profiles with each of three additional endonucleases; these viruses appear to be repeated isolations of a single strain of BPV. The DNA profile of this strain was not the same as that of the Hissar strain of BPV and both could readily be distinguished from each of the three strains of vaccinia virus which had been used in India. The thirteenth Maharashtra isolate was indistinguishable from vaccinia in its biological properties, but the restriction profile of its DNA differed from those of three vaccinia strains and the BPV isolates. These observations, made 6–8 years after cessation of smallpox vaccination indicate that BPV is an emerging enzootic virus and is a subspecies of vaccinia virus.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Dumbell
    • 1
  • Madalene Richardson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical MicrobiologyUniversity of Cape TownCape TownSouth Africa

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