Requirements for transport of HSV-1 glycoproteins to the cell surface membrane of human fibroblasts and Vero cells Original Papers Received: 03 March 1983 Accepted: 29 April 1983 DOI:
Cite this article as: Norrild, B., Virtanen, I., Pedersen, B. et al. Archives of Virology (1983) 77: 155. doi:10.1007/BF01309264 Summary
The intracellular transport of the HSV-1 glycoproteins gA/gB, gC and gD has been followed by the indirect immunofluorescence technique (IIF). Infected tissue culture cells were stained with monoclonal antibodies made to the individual glycoproteins and with fluorochrome-coupled wheat germ agglutinin reacting specifically with Golgi apparatus of the cells.
Staining of either infected, human fibroblasts or of VERO cells at 9 hours p.i. with antibodies to gA/gB showed a prominent ring-like nuclear fluorescence and distinct staining of the Golgi apparatus in the cells. Antibodies to gC and gD stained mainly the Golgi apparatus and areas close to or at the surface of the cells.
By immunocytolysis of HSV-1-infected VERO cells the viral glycoproteins were demonstrable at the surface of cells but growth of infected cells in the presence of either TM or monensin inhibited the expression of most of the viral glycoproteins at the cell surface.
Blocking of the glycosylation of the viral glycoproteins with tunicamycin (TM) was followed by accumulation of the core of the glycoproteins gA/gB and gD in granular structures close to the nucleus as seen by immunofluorescence microscopy. Antibodies to gC did also stain granules close to the nucleus but in addition the periphery of the cells were stained.
Inhibition of intracellular transport from the Golgi apparatus by the carboxylic ionophore monensin was followed by accumulation of all the HSV-1 glycoproteins in vesicles derived from the Golgi apparatus in both human fibroblasts and VERO cells.
Our data thus support the hypothesis that the HSV-1 glycoproteins are processed in the Golgi apparatus before the transport to and incorporation into the cell surface membrane of infected cells and into virion envelopes.
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