, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp 245-256

Prospective study of efficacy and safety of lansoprazole in Zollinger-Ellison syndrome

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Abstract

Lansoprazole, a new substituted benzimidazole H+, K+-ATPase inhibitor, profoundly inhibits gastric acid secretion and has potential use in the management of diseases such as Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (ZES). In the present study we evaluated the efficacy and safety of lansoprazole in controlling acid hypersecretion in 20 patients with ZES. The starting dose was 60 mg once daily. Control of acid hypersecretion was defined as the dose required to reduce acid secretion to <10 meq/hr in the last hour before the next dose. Doses were adjusted upwards until effective control was achieved. Patients not controlled with 120 mg once daily were placed on twice daily lansoprazole. Most patients (90%) required lansoprazole once daily. During long-term follow-up (mean 18.5 months), 25% of patients required upward dose adjustments and 25% of patients required twice daily lansoprazole. Following cessation of therapy, the mean time for gastric acid output to reach half basal acid output was 39.1 hr. Lansoprazole was well-tolerated without side effects. Clinical chemistry and hematological studies were unchanged, and no gastric carcinoids developed. These results demonstrate that lansoprazole is a safe and effective inhibitor of gastric acid hypersecretion in patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. Because it has a long duration of action, lansoprazole can be used to control gastric acid hypersecretion in most patients with Zollinger-Ellison syndrome using a once daily dosing schedule.