Vegetation History and Archaeobotany

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 111–123

Late-glacial and Holocene woodland dynamics and land-use history of the Lower Oder valley, north-eastern Germany, based on two, AMS14C-dated, pollen profiles

  • Susanne Jahns
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF01300061

Cite this article as:
Jahns, S. Veget Hist Archaebot (2000) 9: 111. doi:10.1007/BF01300061

Abstract

High-resolution Holocene pollen profiles from lakes Großer Krebssee and Felchowsee, in the Lower Oder valley, north-eastern Germany, are presented. The Großer Krebssee profile includes a Late-glacial sequence. These investigations have been carried out in the context of a programme of archaeological excavation. AMS radiocarbon dates (26 in all) based on pollen concentrates have been used to provide a chronology for the pollen records. Holocene forest history and human impact are reconstructed for contrasting landscapes, namely, the Neuenhagener Oderinsel in the Lower Oderbruch (Großer Krebssee profile) and the more fertile Uckermärker Hügelland (Felchowsee profile) that lies immediately to the north. Both landscapes were glaciated during the Pomeranian stage of the Weichselian. New information on the spread of trees, includingTilia, Fagus and Carpinus, at both regional and local level, is presented. Five major phases of intensive human activity are recognised, the most intensive activity of the prehistoric period occurring in the Neolithic (Großer Krebssee profile). Differences between the records is explained in terms of local habitat, especially edaphic conditions, settlement history and also the pollen source area, the profile from the much larger Felchowsee lake providing a record of environmental change that is more regional in character.

Keywords

Vegetation historyHoloceneLate-glacialNorth-eastern GermanyHuman impact

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susanne Jahns
    • 1
  1. 1.Deutsches Archäologisches InstitutBerlinGermany