# Incomplete rational approximation in the complex plane

Article

- Received:
- Revised:

DOI: 10.1007/BF01294340

- Cite this article as:
- Borwein, P.B. & Chen, W. Constr. Approx (1995) 11: 85. doi:10.1007/BF01294340

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## Abstract

We consider rational approximations of the form in certain natural regions in the complex plane where

$$\left\{ {(1 + z)^{\alpha n + 1} \frac{{p_{cn} (z)}}{{q_n (z)}}} \right\}$$

*p*_{cn}and*q*_{n}are polynomials of degree*cn*and*n*, respectively. In particular we construct natural maximal regions (as a function of α and*c*) where the collection of such rational functions is dense in the analytical functions. So from this point of view we have rather complete analog theorems to the results concerning incomplete polynomials on an interval.The analysis depends on an examination of the zeros and poles of the Padé approximants to (1+*z*)^{αn+1}. This is effected by an asymptotic analysis of certain integrals. In this sense it mirrors the well-known results of Saff and Varga on the zeros and poles of the Padé approximant to exp. Results that, in large measure, we recover as a limiting case.

In order to make the asymptotic analysis as painless as possible we prove a fairly general result on the behavior, in where

*n*, of integrals of the form$$\int_0^1 {[t(1 - t)f_z (t)]^n {\text{ }}dt,}$$

*f*_{z}*(t)*is analytic in*z*and a polynomial in*t*. From this we can and do analyze automatically (by computer) the limit curves and regions that we need.### AMS classification

Primary 41A20, 41A21Secondary 41A60, 30C15### Key words and phrases

Padé approximationIncomplete rationalsIncomplete polynomialsSteepest descentZerosPoles## Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1995