, Volume 133, Issue 1, pp 66-72

Quantitative fluorescence microscopy on dynamic changes of plastid nucleoids during wheat development

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Dynamic change of plastid nucleoids (pt nucleoids) was followed by fluorescence microscopy after staining with 4′6-diamidino-2-phenyl indole (DAPI). The fluorescence image was quantified with a supersensitive photonic microscope system based on photon counting and image analysis. The results showed that small pt nucleoids located in the center of proplastids in the dry seed increased in size after imbibition and formed highly organized ring structures in the dark, which divided into ca. 10 pieces within 3 days. Corresponding to this morphological change, DNA content of a plastid multiplied 7.5 fold. Total increase in DNA content of pt nucleoids per cell was 34 times as that of dry seed, as plastid multiplied 4.6 times in the average during this period. Upon light illumination small pt nucleoids having basic genome size were separated from divided pt nucleoids, suggesting a relationship with the formation of thylakoid system. The significance of the procedure established in this study is discussed in analysing the dynamic changes of intracellular small genomes.

On leave from Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Nagoya University, Furocho, Chikusaku, Nagoya 464, Japan.