, Volume 196, Issue 3, pp 181–189

Dynamics of activity and structure of the tonoplast vacuolar-type H+-ATPase in plants with differing CAM expression and in a C3 plant under salt stress

  • J. -B. Mariaux
  • E. Fischer-Schliebs
  • U. Lüttge
  • R. Ratajczak

DOI: 10.1007/BF01279566

Cite this article as:
Mariaux, J.B., Fischer-Schliebs, E., Lüttge, U. et al. Protoplasma (1997) 196: 181. doi:10.1007/BF01279566


Differences in the activity and structure of the vacuolar H+-ATPase (V-ATPase, EC were investigated in the C3/CAM intermediate plantKalanchoë blossfeldiana Poellnitz cv. Tom Thumb, with lower or higher expression of CAM, andHordeum vulgare cv. Carina, grown with or without 150 mM NaCl. InK. blossfeldiana ATP-hydrolysis and H+-transport activity were higher with higher expression of CAM than in plants with very weak CAM. This was mainly due to a larger amount of V-ATPase. Statistical analysis of the diameter of intramembrane particles (IMPs) on freeze-fractures of tonoplast vesicles showed that IMPs were larger in tonoplast vesicle preparations ofK. blossfeldiana with strong CAM expression (9.1 nm) than in preparations ofK. blossfeldiana with low CAM expression (7.3 nm). As there is evidence that the majority of IMPs on freeze-fractures of tonoplast vesicles corresponds to the V0 domain of V-ATPase, the higher activity of V-ATPase inK. blossfeldiana with stronger CAM could be a result of additional structural changes in its membrane-integral domain. The higher activity of V-ATPase inK. blossfeldiana with stronger CAM is discussed in relation to the requirement for a higher proton pumping capacity for nocturnal malate accumulation in the vacuole. The ATP-dependent H+-pumping activity inH. vulgare was higher under salt stress than in control plants, while the rates of ATP-hydrolysis and the size of IMPs were not affected by the salt treatment. The data presented here indicate that different mechanisms might increase the transport capacity of V-ATPase to meet the higher requirements of secondary active transport related to CAM expression and adaptation to salt stress.


Kalanchoë daigremontianaKalanchoë blossfeldianaHordeum vulgareFreeze-fracturingTonoplastVacuolar ATPase



adenosine triphosphate


crassulacean acid metabolism


intramembrane particles


vacuolar proton-translocating adenosine triphosphatase


domain membrane-integral domain of V-ATPase


domain membrane-peripheral domain of V-ATPase

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. -B. Mariaux
    • 1
  • E. Fischer-Schliebs
    • 2
  • U. Lüttge
    • 2
  • R. Ratajczak
    • 2
  1. 1.Max-Plank-Institut für Züchtungs-forschungKölnFederal Republic of Germany
  2. 2.Institut für BotanikTechnische Hochschule DarmstadtDarmstadt