Protoplasma

, Volume 107, Issue 3, pp 319–337

Heterostyly inPrimula. 2. Sites of pollen inhibition, and effects of pistil constituents on compatible and incompatible pollen-tube growth

  • K. R. Shivanna
  • J. Heslop-Harrison
  • Y. Heslop-Harrison
Article

DOI: 10.1007/BF01276833

Cite this article as:
Shivanna, K.R., Heslop-Harrison, J. & Heslop-Harrison, Y. Protoplasma (1981) 107: 319. doi:10.1007/BF01276833

Summary

In incompatible (intramorph) pollinations of the heterostylousPrimula vulgaris, pollen germination or tube growth may be partially inhibited in several sites associated with the stigma or style. Blockage may occur, a) on the stigma surface through the failure of germination or of pollen tube penetration after germination, b) in the stigma head during the passage of the tube through the specialized transmitting tissue of the head, or c) in the transmitting tract of the style. None of the barriers is complete, and the prohibition of selfing or intramorph crossing depends upon the cumulative screening effect of one following upon the other. In both morphs, the germination of incompatible pollen on the stigma is enhanced in high ambient relative humidity, but many tubes still fail to penetrate the stigma. Those that do are retarded or blocked in their growth in the transmitting tissues of the stigma head and style. Crude extracts from the tissues of the stigma head and style show some differential effect on the growth of pollen tubesin vitro, and dialysates of extracts containing high molecular weight fractions show a consistent differential effect, those from thrum tissues retarding thrum tubes while having a lesser effect on pin tubes, and those from pin tissues retarding pin tubes while having lesser effect on thrum. It is suggested that the factors influencing tube growth are present in the intercellular secretions of the transmitting tract.

Keywords

Breeding systemHeterostylyPollen-stigma interactionPollen tube growthPrimulaSelf-incompatibility

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. R. Shivanna
    • 1
  • J. Heslop-Harrison
    • 1
  • Y. Heslop-Harrison
    • 1
  1. 1.Welsh Plant Breeding StationNr. AberystwythUK
  2. 2.Department of BotanyUniversity of DelhiDelhiIndia