, Volume 73, Issue 2, pp 145-157

A dinoflagellate with both a mesocaryotic and a eucaryotic nucleus I. Fine structure of the nuclei

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Glenodinium foliaceum Stein (Pyrrophyta) has a single mesocaryotic nucleus which contains numerous typically dinoflagellate chromosomes and one or more nucleoli with a structure similar to that of nucleoli in higher organisms. In addition this organism possesses another nucleus-like organelle which is here termed the eucaryotic nucleus. This is a polymorphic body which varies in shape from ovoid to a branched filamentous form. As with the mesocaryotic nucleus it is surrounded by a perforated envelope. The organelle contains granular material and usually several nucleoli which again appear to have the typical form of nucleoli. No other dinoflagellate is known in which two nuclei of differing types are found. The function and significance of the presence of the two nuclei is discussed.