Abraham, J. and Bibby, N.: 1988, ‘Mathematics and Society: Ethnomathematics and a Public Educator Curriculum’,*For the Learning of Mathematics*
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Adda, J.: 1989, ‘The Mathematics Classroom as a Micro Society’, in C. Keitel, P. Damerow, A. Bishop, and P. Gerdes (eds.),*Mathematics Education and Society*, United Nations Educational Scientific: Paris.

ATM (Association of Teachers of Mathematics) Working Investigatively (no publication details).

Bishop, A.: 1985, ‘The Social Construction of Meaning — A Significant Development for Mathematics Education’,*For the Learning of Mathematics*
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Broomes, D.: 1989, ‘The Mathematical Demands of a Rural Economy’, in C. Keitel, P. Damerow, A. Bishop, and P. Gerdes (eds.),*Mathematics Education and Society*, United Nations Educational Scientific: Paris.

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Centre for Innovation in Mathematics Teaching: 1989,*Mathematics Focus* School of Exeter, University of Exeter.

Cobb, P.: 1986, ‘Contexts, Goals, Belief and Learning Mathematics’,*For the Learning of Mathematics*
**6**(2), 2–10.

D'Ambrosio, U.: 1985, ‘Ethnomathematics and its place in the History and Pedagogy of Mathematics’,*For the Learning of Mathematics*
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Donaldson, M.: 1984,*Children's Minds*, Collins: Glasgow.

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Foxman, D., Ruddock, G., McCallum, I., and Schagen, I.: 1991, ‘APU Mathematics Monitoring (Phase 2)’, NFER: Berkshire.

GAIM (Graded Assessment in Mathematics) Team: 1988,*GAIM Development Pack*, MacMillan: London.

Greenfield, P. M.: 1984, ‘A Theory of the Teacher in the Learning Activities of Everyday Life’, in B. Rogoff and J. Lave (eds.),*Everyday Cognition: It's Development in Social Context*, Harvard University Press: Cambridge, pp. 117–138.

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Lave, J.: 1988,*Cognition in Practice*, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

Maier, E.: 1991, ‘Folk Mathematics’, in M. Harris (ed.),*School, Mathematics and Work*, The Falmer Press: Basingstoke.

Mason, J.: 1989, ‘Mathematical Abstraction as the Result of a Delicate Shift of Attention’,*For the Learning of Mathematics*
**9**(2), 2–9.

Murphy, P.: 1990, Assessment and Gender Paper presented at BERA Annual Conference: Roehampton.

Piaget, J.: 1958,*The Child's Construction of Reality*, Routledge and Kegan Paul: London.

Rao, C. R.: 1952,*Advanced Statistical Methods in Biometric Research*, Wiley: London, p. 200.

Schoenfeld, A. H.: 1987, ‘Confessions of an Accidental Theorist’,*For the Learning of Mathematics*
**7**(1), 30–39.

Taylor, N.: 1989, ‘Let Them Eat Cake, Desire, Cognition and Culture’, in C. Keitel, P. Damerow, A. Bishop, and P. Gerdes (eds.),*Mathematics Education and Society*, United Nations Educational Scientific: Paris.

Treffers, A.: 1987, ‘*Three Dimensions, a Model of Goal and Theory Description*’, in*Mathematics Instruction — The Wiskobas Project*, Kluwer Academic Publishers: Dordrecht.

Walkerdine, V.: 1985,*The Mastery of Reason*, Routledge: Kent.

Walkerdine, V.: 1990, ‘Difference, Cognition and Mathematics Education’,*For the Learning of Mathematics*
**10**(3), 51–56.