Molecular Breeding

, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 155-164

First online:

Fertile, transgenicTriticale ( ×Triticosecale Wittmack)

  • J. ZimnyAffiliated withPlant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute, Radzików
  • , D. BeckerAffiliated withInstitut für Allgemeine Botanik, AMP II, Universität Hamburg
  • , R. BrettschneiderAffiliated withInstitut für Allgemeine Botanik, AMP II, Universität Hamburg
  • , H. LörzAffiliated withInstitut für Allgemeine Botanik, AMP II, Universität Hamburg

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Fertile transgenicTriticale ( ×Triticosecale Wittmack) plants expressing theβ-glucuronidase (uidA) and phosphinothricin acetyltransferase (bar) genes were obtained after microprojectile bombardment of scutellar tissue with the plasmid pDB1 containing theuidA gene under the control of the actin-1 promoter (Act1) from rice and the selectable marker genebar under the control of the CaMV 35S promoter. From 465 bombarded scutella about 4000 plantlets were regenerated; 300 plants survived the selection. These regenerants were screened for enzyme activity by the histological GUS assay and by spraying the plants with a herbicide (Basta). Twenty-five regenerants showed GUS activity and survived repeated Basta spraying. Southern blot analysis showed the presence of both marker genes introduced into the genome of analysed plants.

All transgenic plants were fertile. They were grown to maturity and set seed. Pollen and progeny analyses provided evidence for inheritance of the introduced genes to the next generation.

Key words

β-glucuronidase herbicide resistance microprojectile bombardment phosphinothricin acetyltransferase stable transformation cereals