, Volume 22, Issue 3, pp 176-184

The influence of fibronectin and laminin during Schwann cell migration and peripheral nerve regeneration through silicon chambers

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access

Summary

The ability of extracellular proteins to influence the regenerative process was examined in Sprague-Dawley rats. Silicon chambers, filled with sterile saline solutions of cytochrome-c, fibronectin, laminin, a combination of fibronectin and laminin, or nerve growth factor were surgically implanted between the severed ends of sciatic nerves to form gaps of 18 mm. Four months later, the various groups were examined to determine the success of regeneration. The incidence of cable formation that bridged the gap was similar in all groups. The group of animals that had implants containing the combination of fibronectin/laminin had increased numbers of myelinated axons in the regenerated segment within the chamber and in the distal sciatic tributary nerves. Horseradish peroxidase labelling demonstrated that increased numbers of sensory and motor neurons in the fibronectin/laminin group had regenerated axons across the gap into the distal tributaries of the sciatic nerve.

The effect of the various agents on non-neuronal cells was measured by immunohistochemical staining with S-100 antibodies to determine the effects on Schwann cell migration. Silicon chambers, filled with sterile saline solutions of fibronectin, laminin, fibronectin/laminin, nerve growth factor, or cytochrome-c, were surgically implanted to form 5 mm gaps between severed sciatic nerve ends. Ten days later, Schwann cell migration into the bridging cables was examined in each group. Analysis revealed a greater influx of Schwann cells migrating into the regenerating segments in the fibronectin, the laminin, and the combination fibronectin/laminin groups compared to the control group (cytochrome-c).