Journal of Molecular Evolution

, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 359–365

Molecular phylogeny of gibbons inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences: Preliminary report


  • Seiji Hayashi
    • Department of Planetary and Earth SciencesSchool of Science, Nagoya University
  • Kenji Hayasaka
    • Department of Human GeneticsNational Institute of Genetics
  • Osamu Takenaka
    • Primate Research InstituteKyoto University, Kanrin
  • Satoshi Horai
    • Department of Human GeneticsNational Institute of Genetics

DOI: 10.1007/BF01215183

Cite this article as:
Hayashi, S., Hayasaka, K., Takenaka, O. et al. J Mol Evol (1995) 41: 359. doi:10.1007/BF01215183


We analyzed the 896 base-pair (bp) mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequences for seven gibbons, representative of three out of four subgenera. The result from our molecular analysis is consistent with previous studies as to the monophyly of subgenusHylobates species, yet the relationship among subgenera remains slightly ambiguous. A striking result of the analysis is the phylogenetic location of Kloss's gibbon (H. klossii). Kloss's gibbon has been considered to be an initial off-shoot of the subgenusHylobates because of its morphological primitiveness. However, our molecular data strongly suggest that Kloss's gibbon speciated most recently within the subgenusHylobates.

Key words

GibbonsMitochondrial DNAPhylogeny
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© Springer-Verlag 1995