Environmental Management

, Volume 20, Issue 5, pp 667–674

Why ecosystem management can't work without Social science: An example from the California northern spotted owl controversy

  • Emery Roe

DOI: 10.1007/BF01204138

Cite this article as:
Roe, E. Environmental Management (1996) 20: 667. doi:10.1007/BF01204138


It is increasingly obvious that social science, while not a sufficient condition for making ecosystem management effective, is a necessary condition. A social science typology of ecosystems is developed, applied, and shown to have substantial and unexpected implications for the practice of ecosystem management. Ecologists and environmental scientists, in particular, will find some conclusions uncomfortable. The application involves a case material from the California northern spotted owl controversy.

Key words

Ecosystem managementSocial scienceAdaptive managementTop-down versus bottom-up planningOutside-in versus inside-out planning

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag New York Inc 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Emery Roe
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Natural ResourcesUniversity of California, BerkeleyBerkeleyUSA