Why ecosystem management can't work without Social science: An example from the California northern spotted owl controversy
- Cite this article as:
- Roe, E. Environmental Management (1996) 20: 667. doi:10.1007/BF01204138
It is increasingly obvious that social science, while not a sufficient condition for making ecosystem management effective, is a necessary condition. A social science typology of ecosystems is developed, applied, and shown to have substantial and unexpected implications for the practice of ecosystem management. Ecologists and environmental scientists, in particular, will find some conclusions uncomfortable. The application involves a case material from the California northern spotted owl controversy.